DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
BPD is a pervasive pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotion, as well as marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five or more of the following:
- Chronic feelings of emptiness
- Emotional instability in reaction to day-to-day events (e.g., intense episodic sadness, irritability, or anxiety usually lasting a few hours and only rarely more than a few days)
- Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment
- Identity disturbance with markedly or persistently unstable self-image or sense of self
- Impulsive behaviour in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g., spending, sex, substance abuse, reckless driving, binge eating)
- Inappropriate, intense anger or difficulty controlling anger (e.g., frequent displays of temper, constant anger, recurrent physical fights)
- Pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterized by extremes between idealization and devaluation (also known as “splitting”)
- Recurrent suicidal behaviour, gestures, or threats, or self-harming behaviour
- Transient, stress-related paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms.
My ADHD Was Misdiagnosed as a Personality Disorder
Women Are More Likely to be Misdiagnosed with Personality Disorders
I’m ADHD and Autistic, but was once misdiagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).
Women, non-binary people, and female-presenting individuals are more likely to be misdiagnosed with a personality disorder than CIS-men.
“This male doctor tried to mansplain my own mental health issues to me without actually hearing what I was communicating about my own experience and symptoms.”
One of the best side-effects of embracing my ADHD & Autistic brain is improved self-worth and self-acceptance.
Read my article on Invisible Illness.
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American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596